The Minister of Education, José Ignacio Wert, said Monday that the autonomous regions will report on the path of financing the implementation of the educational reform that, until 2017, will have 964 million euros, but also the autonomies will have to co-finance with 400 million per year until that date (1,200 million). In addition, there is the circumstance that of the 964 million, 614 will go to account of European funds so only 350 will come from the ministerial budget.
During his appearance in the Education Commission of the Congress to report on the development of the Organic Law for the Improvement of Educational Quality ( Lomce ), as well as the implementation of the Basic FP in the new course, the minister has indicated that it is also will explain in the next sectorial of that financing that coincides with the financial period 2014-20 of European funds, of “importance” for the consolidation of the standard.
He has detailed that for the implementation period 964 million euros are closed, of which 614 million are from the European Social Fund and the rest of the budgets of the Ministry of Education. In addition, he has ensured that for the consolidation of the Organic Law for the Improvement of Educational Quality (Lomce) 400 million euros per year will be needed (there would be three years until 2020), which must be co-financed by the autonomies and that must be study in a meeting of Fiscal and Financial Policy.
The minister stressed that the assessment of the community authorities regarding the implementation of the new Basic Vocational Training (FPB) has been “very positive”, both from the educational and employment instances because they are measures “susceptible to having an impact “on the problems of early school leaving and the transition to employment.
The Lomce will begin to implement the next academic year 2014-15 for three years of Primary and for the new Basic Vocational Training.
According to Wert, community authorities have valued, at the time of granting the funds, the new Basic Vocational Training and the itineraries of third and fourth of the ESO that establishes the educational reform. These two aspects “have been highly valued by the European educational and employment authorities”. “They say that they are robust measures with a medium-term impact on the reduction of school dropouts and the transition to employment,” he stressed.
Wert has pointed out that the calendar is “demanding” but “reasonable and achievable”. Likewise, it has recognized that a lot of regulatory development is pending, such as the decree of ESO and Bachillerato curricula or the one that develops the additional provision thirty-eight, among others.
On the other hand, the spokesman of Education of the PSOE in the House of Representatives, Mario Bedera, has criticized not only the calendar of implementation of the new law but also the financing of it. On this last point, the socialist deputy has reproached the minister to “start talking about funding two months of eating the course, when schooling is closed.” “This is called incompetence, not ideology,” he added.
One of the main criticisms of the socialists against the “bad law” has focused on the new Basic Vocational Training, which has been described as “statistical fraud” to camouflage school abandonment and failure. Also, the spokesman of the PSOE has predicted that the next school year will be “one of the most controversial in our history.”
From Izquierda Plural, Caridad García Álvarez has questioned in his two speeches in the Education Commission the explanation of the minister on European funds to finance the implementation of the LOMCE.
The autonomies will pay for private places in Castilian whatever a public cost
Students who have to study in a private center because they do not have a public or arranged one in which to receive education in Spanish as a vehicular language will be compensated by the regional administration up to a maximum amount equivalent to the cost of a place in a public center. Thus, the cost of a place for a student in a public center will be the limit applicable to those students who, by virtue of the educational reform, study in a private one because they can not do it in a public one in Spanish as a vehicular language.
Wert explained that this assessment has been included in the royal decree on the additional provision 38 of the Organic Law for the Improvement of Educational Quality (Lomce), which will come into effect from September, after the suggestion made by the opinion of the Council of State.
It is expected that the royal decree that develops the aforementioned additional provision will be approved in July by the Council of Ministers. Education sources have indicated that a place in a public school currently amounts to 6,057 euros per year.
In the event that a family only has a private school close to it that costs more than the aforementioned compensation limit, and the Ministry considers it justified, it will assume said cost with the funds of the Administration, and subsequently it will be discounted to the community with the corresponding co-official language , have commented the same sources.
The Secretary of State for Education, Montserrat Gomendio
explained recently that with the aforementioned provision of the Lomce compliance with the right of families to choose Castilian as the vehicular language of teaching their children, as recognized by the Constitutional Court.
The Lomce determines that those students who do not have in their community a public school or arranged to receive education in Spanish as a vehicular language goes to a private one and the cost is assumed by said autonomy after advancing it Education.
For its part, the Minister of Catalan Ensenyament, Irene Rigau, has demanded a few days ago the Government to “comply” with the recommendations of the State Council’s opinion and to redo the decree of the Lomce that provides that the administration pays a private school for students who choose Castilian as the vehicular language.
Rigau believes that Education has not calculated the cost of the measure provided by law to cover the costs of the private school or the limits of what the autonomous community should pay. In the Commission of Education, different groups of the opposition like CiU and BNG – mixed group – have blamed the provision 38 of the Lomce “intromisión” autonómica.
The Government does not consider the replacement of the university scholarship system with loans.
Wert also assured that the Government does not consider, nor has it been proposed, the replacement of the university scholarship system with one of the loans. However, he pointed out that this does not exclude the introduction of the debate on a model complementary to that of scholarships. “It has never crossed our mind,” he said.
In response to the criticism of the PSOE spokesman, Mario Bedera
after statements about university loans made a few days ago by the Secretary of State for Education, Montserrat Gomendio, the minister said that “has not been raised from any point of view the substitution of scholarships, “he insisted.
Wert has indicated that in “many countries” has opened the debate on loans following a European Union document on how to solve the problem of university funding in a fiscal context, which is not expansive, of universities public. However, he pointed out that there is no concrete plan or mechanism “in the immediate horizon”.
For Bedera, this system of “educational co-payment” should be complementary to the scholarships and has invited Wert to go to the United States to see the “bubble” of two trillions of dollars that has caused the system of loans in this country.